GHG Accounting For Battery Energy Storage Systems

December 14, 2021, by Tani Colbert-Sangree

The topic of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions accounting for battery energy storage systems (BESS) is relatively new and so has not yet been thoroughly addressed by existing organization-level GHG emissions reporting guidance. This technical brief provides an overview of beneficial applications for integrating BESS into the electric power grid, the life-cycle GHG emissions of BESS, and how emissions may be accounted for within electric company GHG emissions inventories.

The technical brief titled “Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting for Battery Energy Storage Systems” can be accessed for free: click here.


GHGMI and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), through the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting for Electric Companies project (2020-2021), published this technical brief. Funding for the project was generously provided by EPRI.


Colbert-Sangree, T., Gillenwater, M., Diamant, A., Fischer, L., 2021. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting for Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS). EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2021. 3002022395.

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